The Highest Point in the Lower 48 – On hiking Mount Whitney

Ever since I travelled to the US for the first time five years ago and I set eyes on Mt Whitney on a overnight stop in Lone Pine I wanted to climb this highest point in the Lower 48. So I was superstoked when this time things all worked out starting from getting permits to the weather playing along to beating the altitude all the way to the top. So… this is how its done in five steps.

1. Find a hiking buddy

I love travelling by myself and hugely enjoy hiking alone, yet Mount Whitney I thought just a tad too risky to do all by myself. I knew the trail was probably superbusy, so there would always be people around, but still I didn’t want to have to rely on strangers in case of an emergency. And with the altitude and the weather and the rather steep descents I didn’t want to take my chance. One option would of course have been to book a Whitney Hike with a trekking agency, yet that was at this time in my travels not really an option budget-wise. So I was superglad I made a friend on my travels who was spontaneously in for giving Whitney a try.

2. Get hiking permits

Hiking Mt. Whitney or anywhere near it for that matter requires a permit and getting the hang of the permit-distribution-system took a little reading up to do, which is why I try to explain how to best get organised here (if you already have a permit, or are only interested in the description of the hike, skip the following four paragraphs)

There are two kinds of permits: Day-Use permits, which allow you to spend 24 hours in the Whitney Zone (which includes pretty much all of the trail starting about a mile from the parking lot at Whitney Portal). This is the permit for all the crazy buggers who hike the 22-mile-roundtrip in one day, usually starting sometime after midnight and hiking all through the night. Although this is an adventure in itself, it was not really what I had in mind, since being on holidays there was really no need for the rush. And also I probably, quite certainly, wouldn’t have been fit enough to get to the top in one go anyway. So what I was going for was an Overnight-Permit, which allows you to spend up to seven days in the Whitney Zone. There is a certain amount of Day-Use and Overnight-Permits issued per every day of the summer season and they are distributed via lottery early in the year and usually sell out by then.

So spontaneously scrambling together a Whitney-excursion sometime in mid-August about a week in advance obviously meant we did need to get permits some other way.

There were two options: One was to just show up at the Visitor Center in Lone Pine. Permits that are not collected on the day they are issued for are being redistributed in a daily lottery at the visitor center. So you basically get ready to go and then wait at the visitor center and hope to get a permit to actually be allowed to go. The other option was to keep checking the permit-reservation-website (, because when someone cancels their permits, they become available for online-reservation again.

I read somewhere in the depths of the internet that chances for either option were not too bad, so we decided to just show up at the the visitor center on our preferred dates and take our chances and at the same time I spent a lot of time refreshing the reservation-website the few days leading up to these dates, hoping for permits to become available. And I actually got lucky: two overnight-permits did become available just for the dates we needed. The universe did well πŸ™‚

Hiking permits and map ready and all set to go πŸ™‚
3. Check the weather forecast

Mt. Whitney is prone to thunderstorms and rain and cold temperatures even in August, so you’ll want to know what to expect. The weather was not ideal for the three days we had at hand, but it wasn’t dangerously bad either so we decided to give it a try. We did bring raingear and loads of warm clothes though, just in case, and it turned out we were rather glad we did. There were snowflakes and hail at some stage.

4. Organise your gear

You will want to bring all your usual backpacking essentials even if its just for one or two nights.

  • Make sure you have enough bear cans: bears are around in the lower parts of the trail, and further up there are your usual nasty furry little friends trying to have a go at your food.
  • Bring some sort of water filtering device and enough Nalgenes to fill up before you head for the summit. Water sources above Trail Camp are non-existent and at an altitude of 4000 meters you should ideally be drinking about 4 liters a day. Dehydration comes quickly, and when you start to feel thirsty you usually have already gone too long without drinking.
  • Make sure to bring the Visitor Centers human-waste-disposal-device (which is essentially a plastic bag) and use it. Sounds rather disgusting, is rather disgusting, but given the amount of people camping up there every day of the season, it is unfortunately a necessity.
  • Bring a basic first aid kit. Also learn how to regocnize symptons of AMS on yourself and also on others and know what to do to prevent it and what steps to take if you experience it. It can occur at a height as low as 2500 m for some people, and can affect everyone no matter how old or fit or experienced they are.
  • Bring sunscreen, hat and sunglasses but also bring warm clothing, it can snow up there even in August.

There are some stores in Lone Pine that rent out equipement and also of course sell it, and there is a quite large food store, where you can stock up on camp food. There is also a tiny store up at the Trail Head, which has some supplies, souvenirs and apparently the best Cheeseburgers (or so I heard, not having tried them myself).

5. Hike some 11 miles and 6,132 ft of elevation to the summit and down again πŸ˜‰ 

The 11-mile Whitney Trail is strenuous, though technically rather easy. It’s the elevation gain and the altitude that make it hard. We started off early in the morning after having camped a night down at Lone Pine near the Alabama Hills, and drove up Whitney Portal Rd for the 13 miles to the trailhead at 8,365 ft. (2458 meters). There we parked the car, deposited anything edible or scented in a bear locker , shouldered our packs and hit the trail. The first part of it takes you through some beautiful light forest territory, while making a steady ascent all the while. Wheather didn’t look too bright shortly after noon, and when we reached Outpost Camp, the first campsite, after some 4 miles, we decided to set up camp there, since the forest would at least provide some protection in a thunderstorm. The storm did hit indeed, but blew itself out after some three hours and since it was still early and we didnt fancy having a superlong day on day two, we decided to hike a little further up, leave the trees behind, hike no longer on a dirt trail but rather on solid rock and gravel,  and spend the night up at Trail Camp at some 12,000 ft.(3669 meters) of altitude and 6.3 miles on the trail.

The general direction is up…

Trail Camp as seen from a few hundred meters above. I think. Or somewhere close by. The view from Trail Camp and on the trail in general was stunning!
We got up early on day two, since more thunderstorms were announced for this day and the summit plateau is rather dangerous during a storm. We ditched all our gear except for water, raincoats, a first aid kit and some snacks, and hiked on towards the most evil section of the trail, the infamous 99 switchbacks.

One big neverending mess of rock and gravel and dust…

Tiny hiker, giant boulders…
Up there you reach Trail Crest at 13,650 feet, where the trail divides into either the John Muir Trail, which would take you all the way up to Yosemite, and the trail that leads you along the mountain ridge up the flat back of Mount Whitney to its summit. After the rather steep ascent of the 99 Switchbacks the last part of the trail seemed rather straightforward and easy (only a mere 1000 ft of elevation gain left), yet altitude started to take its toll (for me at least… ). Not only do you get short of breath and exhausted after only a few meters of progress, but also your mind starts to play nasty little tricks on you: suddenly you start asking yourself, why you even need to go all the way up to the summit. After all you don’t have to prove anything to anyone. And you made it up this far. Certainly this is good enough. Certainly now would be a good time to turn around and get back to the tent where the happy coffee is. And the happy sleeping bag. And so on… And to keep yourself busy you start checking the GPS every minute to see how much further it is only to decide that the device is most certainly not working properly at this altitude because it simply can’t be that you only just walked another 0.1 miles in what felt like at least hours.

But then, after all the obsessing and swearing and making yourself take those rests to drink some water (do make yourself drink, even if you don’t feel thirsty! Because your mind might just want to make you keep slowly moving without the unnecessary hassle of stopping and getting the nalgene out of the pack and unscrewing the lid and move it up to your mouth and drink. Seriously!), then suddenly you glance up from the trail and see the little hut on the summit and the people up there celebrating, taking pictures, dodging their packs and only a few meters  further on you are up there too and able to take in that stunning view into the valley, and oh boy, it is quite a sight, even if it weren’t the highest point in the Lower 48 πŸ˜‰ And amazingly enough, it lies only  85 miles from North America’s lowest point: Death Valley National Park.

Mt. Whitney, 14’508 ft, 4421 meteres, highest point in the Lower 48!
Since we did have food for an extra day and clouds started to gather and we didn’t really feel like hiking out in the rain, we made our way back to trail camp and stayed there for another night. The next morning it was an easy 6-mile-hike out back to the car, an easy drive down into Lone Pine and the complete bliss of proper Cappuccino and the yummiest sandwich on the West Coast at the Lone Pine Bistro πŸ™‚ Denali is next, I guess…

Proud as a peacock, exhausted like a pigeon on the summit. Denali, you’re next πŸ™‚


3 thoughts on “The Highest Point in the Lower 48 – On hiking Mount Whitney

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